Expert advice to help you maintain a healthy weight
Dissatisfied with your weight?
We’re bombarded with scare stories about weight, from size zero to the obesity ‘epidemic’. But a healthy weight is determined by different factors for each of us. Our expert advice is designed to help you achieve and maintain a healthy, life-enhancing weight.
Overweight or underweight?
Being the right weight has a positive effect on well-being but also on our health, as being the wrong weight can cause a range of medical problems.
Losing even modest amounts of weight can help to alleviate many symptoms and reduce your risk of diseases related to being overweight.
Why a healthy weight is important
If your BMI or waist circumference is above the healthy range you’re at increased risk of diabetes, cardiovascular disease and certain cancers such as colon, prostate and breast cancer.
You’re also more likely to experience joint problems and back pain, and may find you become breathless and have difficulty sleeping.
The more weight you gain, the more severe these problems may become.
How to lose weight
Losing weight depends on energy balance. If you consume more energy from food and drink than you burn through maintaining your body’s functions (metabolism) and physical activity, you’ll gain weight.
Cutting calories by reducing how much you eat and drink, and increasing how much physical activity you do will make you lose weight.
If you reduce your daily energy intake to around 500 calories (kcal) below your energy requirements, you’ll lose about 0.5kg (1lb) a week. This is a sensible rate of weight loss.
Are you ready to lose weight?
Before you start making changes to your lifestyle, it’s important to ask yourself if this is the right time. Are you motivated to change?
The reasons you decide to lose weight will be personal to you. You might find you’re more successful if you choose a relatively calm time in your life to start. Conversely, changes in your circumstances, such as a new job or house move, may be the key to your weight loss success.
Whatever you decide, make sure you’re feeling positive and ready for the challenge.
Setting realistic goals
To lose weight – and keep it off – you’ll need to make permanent changes to your diet and physical activity patterns.
Think carefully about your daily routine. Keeping a food diary may help you to identify patterns in your eating behaviour. This will help you to decide on realistic changes you need to make.
Set achievable goals and try to make modifications to your existing diet and how active you are. Drastic lifestyle changes will be difficult to maintain over time.
Aim to lose about five to ten per cent of your initial body weight over a few months. Research shows this kind of weight loss is achievable and will improve your health (see table, below).
Once you’ve reached your goal, congratulate yourself and set another five per cent weight loss target.
This way, you’ll feel good about achieving small steps, rather than getting down because it’s taking you so long to lose a large amount of weight.
Sticking with it