Hair Care

Beer Is good for the hair—–True
Pale ale makes an excellent setting lotion. Apply it to the hair before putting in rollers or blow drying.

Brushing hair 100 times at night makes it shine—–True
Thorough brushing stimulates the oil glands in the scalp and makes the hair shinier than normal. However, too much brushing can split and thin the hair.

Baldness is a sign of virility—–False
Baldness may be partly caused by the male sex hormone testosterone circulation in the body. It can therefore be regarded as a sign of virility by those who wish to do so. But men with full heads of hair can be just as virile as those who are bald.

Hair can turn white overnight—–False
Because of the slow growth of hair—-about 13mm a month—-it is impossible for anyone to go white overnight from shock or grief.

Singeing the hair makes it grow—–False
Visible hair is made up of dead cells and singeing only causes split ends. Live hair is under the skin and is unaffected by singeing.

Hair continues to grow after death—–False
The shrinkage of skin surrounding the hair follicles might reveal a further 1.5mm or so of hair after death, but hair growth—-like nail growth—-ends once the body stops functioning.

How to achieve and maintain a healthy head of handsome hair.

Three main things are needed for a good-looking head of hair—-good health, the right attention to cleanliness, and caution when using cosmetic treatments.

Adequate Diet
Hair growth depends on an adequate diet. A widespread diet problem which causes loss of hair is iron deficiency Anaemia. The cause is too little iron in blood, brought on by a diet containing too little meat, eggs, cereals or peas and beans. Fresh fruits and vegetables are also needed to provide vitamin C, which enables the body to absorb iron.

Cutting the hair
Although cutting the hair is not essential to its well-being, it is easier to keep the scalp clean if the hair is kept reasonably short. Regular cutting does not make the hair grow strong or faster.

How hair can be damaged
Although scalp hair is hardy, and can withstand a lot of abuse, it can be damaged by too much or inexpertly applied perming, dyeing, bleaching and massage. The amount of beautifying the hair can take varies from person to person. Occasionally the scalp is allergic to the dye and becomes inflamed and swollen. To prevent this occurring, the dye should be tested by applying it to a small area on the arm. If a patch of inflammation has developed, the dye must not be used on the hair.

Most people who bleach their hair do so with hydrogen peroxide. If the peroxide is repeatedly applied, it may make the hair brittle. If this happens the hair may turn rough, develop split ends, or become thinned or shortened.

Grey hair
The hair’s colour is determined by the proportion of two pigments—-one brown-black, the other red-yellow—which are deposited in the hair shafts. Greying hair is part of the natural ageing process, in which less and less pigment is laid down in the shafts. Grey hair usually first appear on the temples and then spread over the scalp. The age at which greyness begins and its extent depends upon heredity.

Ailments that can affect your hair
The hair can be affected by a number of ailments—-some of which may require professional treatment.

Hair loss
Women may lose hair several weeks after childbirth, or after giving up contraceptive pill. Many women going through menopause find that their hair becomes much thinner—and stays that way.

Shampooing the way to well-groomed hair
The main purpose of shampooing the hair is to remove grease and dirt and provide a clean, well-groomed appearance. Shampoos can be given weekly.

1. The hair should be thoroughly brushed or combed to loosen the dirt and scales—or dead cells—on the scalp. For this you use a brush with natural bristle, or a comb with widely spaced, smooth teeth. Do not brush or comb too vigorously, as this can thin the hair.
2. Pour a small amount of shampoo—about a teaspoon—into the palm of the hand. Massage the shampoo evenly into the hair with the finger tips, covering all the scalp. Build up a creamy lather.
3. Rinse the hair using luke warm water. Then once again gently massage a teaspoon of shampoo into the scalp. Finally, rinse the hair until the water is absolutely clear. Do not rub the hair roughly with a towel to dry it, but pat it to remove some of the moisture.

Making the hair manageable
Hair that is dry, or that tends to tangle, may be treated with a conditioner, which coats each strand with a fine film. This makes the hair easier to comb after shampooing, and gives a temporary shine and smoothness.

Pat the hair dry with a towel. The hair may have static electricity from the shampoo and water, making it hard to manage. This is counteracted by the conditioner.

Massage a teaspoonful of the conditioner gently into the ends of the hair with the fingertips. Leave 2-3 minutes and then rinse every trace of the conditioner.


Scales of dead skin from the scalp. It is most common in early adulthood, but may occur at other ages.

# Dry scales showering on to clothing and surrounds.
# Less commonly the scales are greasy and stuck to the hair and scalp. These cause severe irritation. If removed by scratching, the skin may bleed.

# This depends on how the condition is managed.

# The cause is not known. The tendency is inherited and the greasier the skin the worse the dandruff.

Treatment in the home
# Twice weekly use of detergent shampoo helps; for example, one containing 1 per cent of cetrimide.
# In the more severe forms, proprietary preparations containing salicylic acid, tar or selenium should be tried.

When to consult the doctor
# If the scalp becomes infected after scratching the head.
# If the scalp persist or get worse after several weeks of home treatment.
# If the scalp appear to be thick.

What the doctor may do
# Check that the scales are not caused by an infection.
# I’ve further advice on how to treat the dandruff.

# No specific steps are available.


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